Depression is the most common mental disorder of today and can shorten life for up to 30 years
People suffering from depression live shorter than those who do not suffer from this mental disorder, the research of American scientists.
Over the course of the sixty-year period, they followed the relationship between mental health and mortality among 3410 adults on three occasions: from 1952 to 1967, from 1968 to 1990 and from 1991 to 2011.
The increased risk of premature death due to the effects of depression has been recorded in every decade in the male population, and in the 1990s and in women. The relationship between depression and shorter life expectancy proved to be stronger in the post-depression episode. Scientists have concluded that at least some of the data can be altered after effective treatment.’Depression is in some cases very serious,’ said Stephen Gilman, head of the State Institute for Child Health and Human Development.
“Long-term research has shown that people who have had depression on multiple occasions were in a worse position, which is why it is extremely important to detect and treat this mental disorder in a timely manner and reconsider,” Gilman said. It has been shown that the largest number of premature deaths is not directly related to a mental disorder, but to what is the direct consequence of depression, such as a heart attack.
Depression has been associated with a number of health problems for years, partly because it can result in physiological changes in the body and contribute to unhealthy habits, such as poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. American study confirmed the link between depression and premature death as a result of obesity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.
The study started in 1952, and its participants had an average of fifty years when they were included in it. For depressed men, premature deaths were nearly three times higher at the beginning of the study, but with time they decreased and at the end of the study they fell by 52 percent. In the case of diseased women, the risk of premature death as a consequence of depression has grown over time. Initially, in the case of sick women, premature deaths were eight percent, and at the end they increased to 51 percent, making women equal with men.
Earlier research conducted by scientists from Oxford has shown that the struggle with depression reduces lifetime as well as smoking, averaging seven to 11 years. In 2006, similar studies have shown that people suffering from severe depression have a life expectancy of 13 to 31 years.
Data suggest that up to 15 percent of depressed people commit suicide. How relevant this relationship is the fact that suicide is the second leading cause of death in a population of 15 to 29 years of age. Estimates suggest that depressive disorder is unrecognizable in as much as 50 percent of cases, untreated in 75 percent, insufficiently treated at 90 percent, and adequately treated only in 10 percent of cases.
A depressive disorder is one of the most common mental disorders of today and represents a significant problem in the field of mental health, suffering for the person and her family and a difficult economic burden for every society. The number of people with depression has grown steadily since the beginning of the last century in all developed countries of the world. Epidemiological studies show that 3 to 4 percent of the population suffer from more severe and 1.5 to 2 percent of the milder forms of depression.
Scientists have long warned that the depressive disorder by 2020 will become the second most widely spread global health problem.